TYNDALE, WILLIAM° (c. 1490–1536), English Bible translator and religious reformer. An Erasmian humanist, Tyndale began work on a new, vernacular Bible in 1520, but met so much opposition from his fellow-churchmen that he had to seek refuge on the Continent, where his New Testament, based directly on the Greek, appeared in various editions (Cologne/Worms, 1525; Antwerp, 15263, etc.). Having visited martin luther at Wittenberg and declared himself a Protestant, Tyndale proceeded to smuggle his publications into England, where they were condemned as heretical: Cardinal Wolsey ordered his arrest, but failed to capture him. Of all the English scholars of his time, Tyndale was the only competent Hebraist. His translation of the Old Testament, which referred to the original Hebrew text, appeared only in part (Pentateuch, 1530; Jonah, 1531), although the section from Joshua to Chronicles – which remained in manuscript at the author's death – is thought to have inspired Miles Coverdale's Bible (1535) and to have been included in Matthews' Bible (by J. Rogers, 1537). Tyndale's Old Testament was Protestant more in its prefaces and marginal glosses than in its actual English text, which maintained a great measure of independence. Anglo-Saxon outweighs Latin in the translator's vigorous English style, since he believed, that "… the properties of the hebrue tonge agreth a thousande tymes moare with the english then with the latyne…" (The Obedience of a Christian Man, 1528). In fact, the English language's saturation in Hebrew idiom may largely be credited to the popular appeal of Tyndale's Bible which, after Henry VIII's quarrel with Rome, was allowed to circulate in England. Tyndale was finally arrested, condemned, and burnt at the stake for heresy. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.F. Mozley, William Tyndale (1937); W.E. Campbell, Erasmus, Tyndale, and More (1950). (Godfrey Edmund Silverman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Tyndale, William — (c. 1494 1536)    English Reformation scholar and Bible translator    William Tyndale was born in Gloucestershire, United Kingdom, probably in 1494. He won a B.A. in 1512 from Magdalen Hall (now part of Hertford College) at oxford University and… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • TYNDALE, William — (c. 1490 1536) William Tyndale was a translator of the English Bible, Protestant evangelical Reformer, and martyr. Sometimes known as William Huchyns, he was born near Gloucestershire, an area with a history of Lollard sympathies. He received a… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Tyndale, William — (c. 1494 1536)    Biblical Scholar.    Tyndale was born in Gloucestershire and he was educated at both Oxford and Cambridge Universities. He became convinced that the only way to dispel the ignorance of lay people was to translate the New… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Tyndale, William — ▪ English scholar born c. 1490–94, near Gloucestershire, Eng. died Oct. 6, 1536, Vilvoorde, near Brussels, Brabant       English biblical translator, humanist, and Protestant martyr.       Tyndale was educated at the University of Oxford and… …   Universalium

  • Tyndale, William — Born in England, 1494; executed for heresy near Brussels, 1536. He made the first English translation of the Greek NT and later of the Hebrew Pentateuch. It greatly influenced the phraseology of the AV. A complete copy of the first edition of… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Tyndale,William — Tyn·dale also Tin·dal or Tin·dale (tĭnʹdl), William. 1494? 1536. English religious reformer and martyr whose translation of the New Testament was the basis of the King James Bible. * * * …   Universalium

  • Tyndale, William — ► (¿1494 1536) Eclesiástico inglés. Tradujo la Biblia a la lengua inglesa …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • TYNDALE, William — (1494 1536)    English BIBLE translator who was burnt at the stake after torture for his attempts to give the BIBLE to ordinary people …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Tyndale, William — (1484? 1536)    Translator of the Bible, belonged to a northern family which, migrating to Gloucestershire during the Wars of the Roses, adopted the alternative name of Huchyns or Hychins, which T. himself bore when at Oxf. in 1510. After… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Tyndale — Tyndale, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

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